White rhinos are two-horned grazers grass eaters , with keen smell and poor eyesight. Takin inhabit the same dense bamboo forests as the better known giant panda. Sleeping sickness was once thought to be spread to livestock by the sable antelope. Significant cultural and political changes and other factors led to the extinction of this species in the wild in the late s.
The biggest threat that Greater one-horned rhinos face is human harassment and encroachment. For centuries, rhinos have been hunted for sport and for their horn. In the early 19th century, the Greater one-horned rhino was almost hunted to extinction. The remaining animals were only found in protected reserves, where, under the monitoring of certain organisations, populations are currently being brought back from the edge of extinction. With strict protection from Indian and Nepalese wildlife authorities, Greater one-horned rhino numbers have recovered from under last century to around 3, today.
Once widespread across the entire northern part of the Indian sub-continent, rhino populations plummeted as they were hunted for sport or killed as agricultural pests. This pushed the species very close to extinction and by the end of the 20 th century, fewer than animals remained. The recovery of the greater one-horned rhino is among the greatest conservation success stories in Asia. Thanks to strict protection and management from Indian and Nepalese wildlife authorities, the greater one-horned rhino was brought back from the brink.
The greater one-horned rhinoceros Rhinoceros unicornis , also known as the Indian rhinoceros, is a grey giant, second only to an elephant in size. An adult rhino usually weighs between Rhinos usually lead a solitary life, but they may also graze and wallow together.